A question I get often; “My dog is peeing in the house and I don’t know why.”
Let’s look at why that canine pal of yours might just be confused as to where he/she should be urinating.
First-the behavioral causes.
This might be most obvious with a young dog(puppy) but can happen with a dog that is older as well.
Improper House Training. Did we teach the dog that going outside is the proper thing to do or is the dog still used to going on “pee pads” or newspapers in the house? Are we comfortable with the prior training having accomplished the goals of understanding where the dog thinks he/she needs to go? Do we need to start again with the housebreaking. This happens mainly with a young dog but a new adopted older dog has all sorts of unknowns.
Excitement that leads to urination. These guys are typically peeing when they exhibit joyous behavior such as wiggling, jiggling, and jumping as they happily urinate on the floor. These are the dogs where we need to start retraining the owner to avoid the high pitched “hellos”, petting and the like. The dogs need to be more or less ignored for the first few minutes when we get home to start to deprogram them.
Submission or Urinating out of fear.
Submissive urination can be exhibited in any age of dog, though it is most commonly seen in puppies. These dogs will usually just squat in front of you and pee a bit or roll over and urinate on themselves. Leaning over the dog, certain pitched voices, eye contact are all examples of what will intimidate these dogs. Avoidance of these actions are a start to deprogram them. Scolding definitely worsens the situation.The dog may appear comfortable and friendly at first, but when the interactions with the person get too scary they immediately show submissive behavior and may urinate. Much like interactions with the Police.
Marking. This is going to happen with an intact animal, male or female, primarily. Usually is going to be horizontal urination(pees on the wall) for the boys.
Medical Disorders. These are the dogs that start to leave puddles in the house typically away from where they sleep. Large puddles tell of one possibility(overproduction of urine for many various reasons) versus small amounts of urine but dog goes frequently(such as a bladder infection). In either case the urgency of needing to go has increased and will need a vet to help discern the root cause. Scolding doesn’t help-medicine hopefully will.
Another medical problem that occurs with older spayed female dogs is urinary incontinence. This is when they leave a wet spot where they slept(peed the bed) without being aware it occurred. This is due to a lack of estrogen(spayed dog) and a muscle just outside the bladder that will then weaken so when asleep they cannot hold their urine. This can be remedied with a simple daily medicine being given.
So, lots of reasons why a dog might urinate in the house, some of which need a vet’s assistance to fix. The most important bit of evidence is that urine to first rule out any medical issue so we can move onto just addressing the behavioral changes that need to be instituted.